# Run a Validator

Learn how to setup and run a validator node

# Pre-requisite Readings

Pre-requisite Readings

  1. Validator Overview
  2. Full Node Setup

If you plan to use a Key Management System (KMS), you should go through these steps first: Using a KMS.

# What is a Validator?

Validators are responsible for committing new blocks to the blockchain through voting. A validator's stake is slashed if they become unavailable or sign blocks at the same height. Please read about Sentry Node Architecture (opens new window) to protect your node from DDoS attacks and to ensure high-availability.


If you want to become a validator for the Hub's mainnet, you should research security.

# Supported OS

We officially support Linux only. Other platforms may work but there is no guarantee. We will extend our support to other platforms after we have stabilized our current architecture.

# Minimum Requirements

To run testnet nodes, you will need a machine with the following minimum hardware requirements:

  • 4 or more physical CPU cores
  • At least 500GB of SSD disk storage
  • At least 32GB of memory (RAM)
  • At least 100mbps network bandwidth

As the usage of the blockchain grows, the server requirements may increase as well, so you should have a plan for updating your server as well.

# Create Your Validator

Before validator creation checklist 📋

Before you started please make sure that you have been already done this steps for successful validator creation:

  1. Init node

  2. Create keys

  3. Configure chain-id

  4. Add some ISLM to your account

  5. Delegate some ISLM to your validator

  6. Familiarize yourself with the best practices for node security

# Additional information

You can found additional about joining TestEdge here

# Create validator

To create your validator, just use the following command:

Copy haqqd tx staking create-validator \ --amount=1000000aISLM \ --pubkey=$(haqqd tendermint show-validator) \ --moniker="choose a moniker" \ --chain-id=<chain_id> \ --commission-rate="0.10" \ --commission-max-rate="0.20" \ --commission-max-change-rate="0.01" \ --min-self-delegation="1000000" \ --gas="auto" \ --gas-prices="0.025aISLM" \ --from=<key_name> \ --node https://rpc.tm.testedge.haqq.network:443

When specifying commission parameters, the commission-max-change-rate is used to measure % point change over the commission-rate. E.g. 1% to 2% is a 100% rate increase, but only 1 percentage point.

Min-self-delegation is a strictly positive integer that represents the minimum amount of self-delegated voting power your validator must always have. A min-self-delegation of 1000000 means your validator will never have a self-delegation lower than 1 aISLM

You can confirm that you are in the validator set by using a third party explorer.

When specifying commission parameters, the commission-max-change-rate is used to measure % point change over the commission-rate. E.g. 1% to 2% is a 100% rate increase, but only 1 percentage point.

You can then submit your gentx on the launch repository (opens new window). These gentx will be used to form the final genesis file.

# Edit Validator Description

You can edit your validator's public description. This info is to identify your validator, and will be relied on by delegators to decide which validators to stake to. Make sure to provide input for every flag below. If a flag is not included in the command the field will default to empty (--moniker defaults to the machine name) if the field has never been set or remain the same if it has been set in the past.

The <key_name> specifies which validator you are editing. If you choose to not include certain flags, remember that the --from flag must be included to identify the validator to update.

The --identity can be used as to verify identity with systems like Keybase or UPort. When using with Keybase --identity should be populated with a 16-digit string that is generated with a keybase.io (opens new window) account. It's a cryptographically secure method of verifying your identity across multiple online networks. The Keybase API allows us to retrieve your Keybase avatar. This is how you can add a logo to your validator profile.

Copy haqqd tx staking edit-validator --new-moniker="choose a moniker" \ --website="https://islamiccoin.net" \ --identity=6A0D65E29A4CBC8E \ --details="To infinity and beyond!" \ --chain-id=<chain_id> \ --gas="auto" \ --gas-prices="0.025aISLM" \ --from=<key_name> \ --commission-rate="0.10"

Note: The commission-rate value must adhere to the following invariants:

  • Must be between 0 and the validator's commission-max-rate
  • Must not exceed the validator's commission-max-change-rate which is maximum % point change rate per day. In other words, a validator can only change its commission once per day and within commission-max-change-rate bounds.

# View Validator Description

View the validator's information with this command:

Copy haqqd query staking validator <account_validator>

# Track Validator Signing Information

In order to keep track of a validator's signatures in the past you can do so by using the signing-info command:

Copy haqqd query slashing signing-info $(haqqd tendermint show-validator)\ --chain-id=<chain_id>

# Unjail Validator

When a validator is "jailed" for downtime, you must submit an Unjail transaction from the operator account in order to be able to get block proposer rewards again (depends on the zone fee distribution).

Copy haqqd tx slashing unjail \ --from=<key_name> \ --chain-id=<chain_id>

# Confirm Your Validator is Running

Your validator is active if the following command returns anything:

Copy haqqd query tendermint-validator-set | grep "$(haqqd tendermint show-address)"

You should now see your validator in one of Haqq explorers. You are looking for the bech32 encoded address in the ~/.haqqd/config/priv_validator.json file.


To be in the validator set, you need to have more total voting power than the 100th validator.

# Halting Your Validator

When attempting to perform routine maintenance or planning for an upcoming coordinated upgrade, it can be useful to have your validator systematically and gracefully halt. You can achieve this by either setting the halt-height to the height at which you want your node to shutdown or by passing the --halt-height flag to haqqd. The node will shutdown with a zero exit code at that given height after committing the block.

# Common Problems

# Problem #1: My validator has voting_power: 0

Your validator has become jailed. Validators get jailed, i.e. get removed from the active validator set, if they do not vote on 500 of the last 10000 blocks, or if they double sign.

If you got jailed for downtime, you can get your voting power back to your validator. First, if haqqd is not running, start it up again:

Copy haqqd start

Wait for your full node to catch up to the latest block. Then, you can unjail your validator

Lastly, check your validator again to see if your voting power is back.

Copy haqqd status

You may notice that your voting power is less than it used to be. That's because you got slashed for downtime!

# Problem #2: My node crashes because of too many open files

The default number of files Linux can open (per-process) is 1024. haqqd is known to open more than 1024 files. This causes the process to crash. A quick fix is to run ulimit -n 4096 (increase the number of open files allowed) and then restart the process with haqqd start. If you are using systemd or another process manager to launch haqqd this may require some configuration at that level. A sample systemd file to fix this issue is below:

Copy # /etc/systemd/system/haqqd.service [Unit] Description=Haqq Node After=network.target [Service] Type=simple User=ubuntu WorkingDirectory=/home/ubuntu ExecStart=/home/ubuntu/go/bin/haqqd start Restart=on-failure RestartSec=3 LimitNOFILE=4096 [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target

# Problem #3: My node crashes because of validator set is nil in genesis and still empty after InitChain

Make sure you have a genesis file in $HOME/.haqqd/config/genesis.json if you don't have this file you can find it here

Copy curl -OL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/haqq-network/testnets/main/TestEdge2/genesis.tar.bz2 && \ bzip2 -d genesis.tar.bz2 && \ tar -xvf genesis.tar

And also you can validate genesis file using this command

Copy haqqd validate-genesis

# Problem #4: I have an error while running validator wrong Block.Header.AppHash.

First of all, you should make sure that your bin file is up to date

Copy haqq@haqq-node:~# haqqd -v haqqd version "1.3.0" 39b4dcb706e72c187fc23ec6dddcfed20c79bc9d

We are currently using version 1.3.0 on TestEdge2.

This error can also occur if you run the validator from a period when blocks were produced on a different version of the binary.

From this point, we recommend starting the node using snapshot or statesync. More information you can find here

# Unknown problems

If you encounter bugs that are not covered in our documentation portal, we'd love to see your bug report on our discord (opens new window)

# Validator FAQ

If you have any problems with validator setting up you can visit our Validator FAQ page.